Christ in Daniel 10?
Rev. Charles Cooper
general agreement among students of Scripture that there are pre-incarnate
appearances of the Lord Jesus in the Old Testament. Whether Daniel
10:5 should be included in that list is debated. The primary reason
some are reluctant to include this passage in a list of pre-incarnate
appearances of the Lord is because of the apparent limitations delineated
in Daniel 10:13.
being that speaks in Daniel 10:13 indicates that he was withstood
by another being and required the assistance of the archangel Michael
to finally overcome the problem. Correctly, some argue that anyone
or anything could never withstand the Lord Jesus and He would certainly
not need the assistance of an archangel to overcome a problem. Yet,
the description of the heavenly being in Daniel 10:5 is parallel
to a description of the Lord that appears in Revelation 1:13b-15.
what appears to be a contradiction, which is incompatible with the
nature of Scripture, seems unavoidable. However, it is the opinion
of the author that the correct solution is one of either two possibilities.
The heavenly being that speaks in Daniel 10:5-6 is not the same
person that speaks in Daniel 10:10-21. In other words, two heavenly
beings speak in Daniel 10. The other possibility is this: there
is only one heavenly entity represented in Daniel 10 and he is angelic
would not undermine the integrity of Scripture. The easier solution
is to see one angelic being speaking throughout Daniel 10. A bit
more difficult is the solution that sees two different individuals
speak to Daniel in chapter 10. This is the authors preferred
solution. However, one cannot be dogmatic either way.
is stronger for more than one angelic being ministering to Daniel
in light of the repeated description that occurs in Daniel 10:16
and 18. The repeated phrase, "one with human appearance"
would be unnecessary if the same individual is referred to at each
occasion. Therefore, the Lord speaks to Daniel in 10:5-6. However,
an angelic being speaks to Daniel in 10:11-12. That same angel (Dan
10:11-12) is referred to again in Daniel 10:18-21.